Barras, Paul, viscount de


Barras, Paul, viscount de
(1755-1829)
   political figure
   Born in Fox-Amphoux, Provence, to a noble family of the region, Paul, viscount de Barras, served as an officer in the indies campaigns before being elected deputy in 1792 to the Convention. There, he took his place with the Montagnards, the radical group that abolished the monarchy during the Revolution. Barras was soon sent as an envoy to the French army in italy and then to southeastern France, where he organized and directed the suppression of the counterrevolutionaries after the siege of Toulon (December 19, 1793). With jean-lambert tallien and Joseph fouché, he was one of the principal figures responsible for the overthrow of maximilien robespierre (9 Thermidor, Year II— July 27, 1794) and, as commander in chief of the Army of the Interior under the Thermidorian Convention, suppressed the royalist insurrection against the government (13 vendémiaire, Year IV — october 5, 1795). As a director in 1795, Barras was one of the organizers of the coup d'etat of 18 Fructidor, Year V (September 4, 1797), and served as head of state until the coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire, Year v III (November 9, 1799), that brought Napoléon Bonaparte to power (see napoléon i). Bonaparte subsequently forced Barras to retire. Exiled in 1810, then interned at Montpellier, he reemerged after the Restoration. Barras's Mémoires give an interesting account and description of political and social life under the Directory.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barras, Paul-François-Jean-Nicolas, viscount de — born June 30, 1755, Fox Amphoux, France died Jan. 29, 1829, Chaillot French revolutionary. A Provençal nobleman, Barras became disenchanted with the royal regime and welcomed the French Revolution. Elected to the National Convention (1792), he… …   Universalium

  • viscount — /vuy kownt /, n. 1. a nobleman next below an earl or count and next above a baron. 2. Hist. a deputy of a count or earl. 3. (in England) a sheriff. [1350 1400; ME viscounte < AF; OF visconte (F vicomte), equiv. to vis VICE3 + counte COUNT2, trans …   Universalium

  • Paul — /pawl/ for 1 3, 5; /powl/ for 4, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. c67, a missionary and apostle to the gentiles: author of several of the Epistles. Cf. Saul (def. 2). 2. Alice, 1885 1977, U.S. women s rights activist. 3. Elliot (Harold), 1891 1958, U.S …   Universalium

  • Grasse, François-Joseph-Paul, comte de, marquis de Grasse-Tilly — ▪ French naval commander born September 13, 1722, Le Bar, France died January 11, 1788, Paris       French naval commander who engaged British forces during the American Revolution (1775–83).       De Grasse took service in 1734 on the galleys of …   Universalium

  • Napoleon I — (Napoleon Bonaparte) ( the Little Corporal ) 1769 1821, French general born in Corsica: emperor of France 1804 15. * * * ▪ emperor of France Introduction French in full  Napoléon Bonaparte , original Italian  Napoleone Buonaparte , byname  the… …   Universalium

  • Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand — Périgord, Portrait von François Gérard (1808) Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Périgord [ʃaʀl mɔˈʀis dətalˈʀɑ̃ peʀi gɔʀ], (* 13. Februar 1754 (2. Februar julianischer Kalender) in Paris ; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord — Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Périgord, Portrait von François Gérard (1808) Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Périgord [ʃaʀl mɔˈʀis dətalˈʀɑ̃ peʀi gɔʀ], (* 13. Februar 1754 (2. Februar julianischer Kalender) in Paris ; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Maurice de Talleyrand — Périgord, Portrait von François Gérard (1808) Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Périgord [ʃaʀl mɔˈʀis dətalˈʀɑ̃ peʀi gɔʀ], (* 13. Februar 1754 (2. Februar julianischer Kalender) in Paris ; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles de Talleyrand — Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Périgord, Portrait von François Gérard (1808) Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Périgord [ʃaʀl mɔˈʀis dətalˈʀɑ̃ peʀi gɔʀ], (* 13. Februar 1754 (2. Februar julianischer Kalender) in Paris ; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diable boiteux — Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Périgord, Portrait von François Gérard (1808) Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Périgord [ʃaʀl mɔˈʀis dətalˈʀɑ̃ peʀi gɔʀ], (* 13. Februar 1754 (2. Februar julianischer Kalender) in Paris ; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.